Municipality of Venice
The Municipality of Venice covers an area of about 415 square kilometers and is articulated around the two separate centers of Mestre, in the hinterland, and Venice, at the center of the homonymous lagoon, a territory inserted in the Unesco Site “Venice and its Lagoon” upon the act of its registration in 1987. Around 264,919 people are settled in the municipality, which borders on the municipalities of Campagna Lupia, Cavallino-Treporti, Chioggia, Jesolo, Marcon, Martellago, Mira, Mogliano Veneto, Musile di Piave, Quarto d’Alzino, Scorzè and Spinea, and includes six townships (Venezia-Murano-Burano, Lido-Pellestrina, Favaro Veneto, Mestre-Carpenedo, Chirignago-Zelarino and Marghera).
Following the signing of the Act of Understanding in 2007, The Municipality of Venice became a member of the “Steering Committee” of the UNESCO Site “Venice and its Lagoon”. The Committee holds the following Institutional powers regarding the protection, enhancement and management of the Site’s assets: managing the territories, urban planning, conservation and requalification of buildings for residential use, for social and cultural activities, for production, craft and trade – essential to the conservation of the socio-economic characteristics of the lagoon urban settlements – economic planning, construction of primary infrastructure works, landscaping and environmental protection, enhancement and promotion of tourism.
What does the Office of the World Heritage Site “Venice and its Lagoon” do?
- Coordinate the institutional bodies responsible of the Site and work together with private and public stakeholders;
- Monitor/update/implement the Management Plan;
- Elaborate projects for the protection and the enhancement of the Site and create partnerships for their implementation;
- Promote/implement/coordinate studies and researches on the cultural, environmental and socio-economic aspects of the property;
- Manage government funding earned from the winning of public tenders;
- Monitor the state of conservation of the property.
The projects of the Management Plan involving the Municipality of Venice:
- Project of restoration and enhancement of the lagoon waterfront Fusina access gate
- Protection and enhancement of rural architetture: Taglio del Sile
- Marghera Fort Project
- System of lagoon fortifications in the perimeter area in the south up to the San Felice fort
- Kitchen gardens and periurbane agriculture
- Venice Lagoon ViSitor Centre
- Network for access to and enhancement of Everyday Venice
- Rehabilitation and enhancement of the lagoon landscapes and culture
- Redevelopment and enhancement of smaller islands
- Settlement and development of entrepreneurial activities in urban decay areas
- Bussines networks and planning for handover to the next generation
- CEA Environmental Education Centre
- Training initiatives for bodies in charge of Site management and other professionals
- Web platform for the sharing, communication and promotion of information on the Site, its Management Plan and contents
- Creations and information system to enable the interoperability of data on the urban and regional planning schemes of the Venice and its Lagoon UNESCO Site (SIPLAN)
- Creation of a webgis platform for the publication and sharing of data on the “ Venice and its Lagoon” site and construction of an international network of sites on the world Heritage List, developed in the framework of the European Project SUSTCULT “SUSTainability through and integrated approach to the management of CULTural heritage”
UNESCO Itineraries in the Municipality of Venice
Other links of interest:
Lazzaretto Nuovo (New Lazaret) is a small island of around 9 hectares in front of Sant’Erasmo littoral, situated at the very entry of the Venetian lagoon. During the Venetian Republic since 1468, the isle became a place of “contumacy” (quarantine) for ships arriving from various Mediterranean ports and suspected to be plague-infected. In case of confirmed infections, the sick would be transferred to the Lazzaretto Vecchio (Old Lazaret). Today, Lazzaretto Nuovo is part of the city’s museum network: guided tours, meetings, exhibitions and events are hosted here, with particular reference to the lagoon and marine history and culture. Furthermore, it is home to a variety of scientific and research initiatives, including archaeological summer camps.
In 1630, Venice and all of Northern Italy experienced a devastating outbreak of bubonic plague. At the peak of the epidemic, the Doge Nicolò Contarini arranged a procession of collective prayer and vowed to construct a church once the plague was over: the Basilica of Santa Maria della Salute. A city festivity was created in order to honour the first pilgrimage. On this occasion inside the Basilica, Masses are celebrated and candles are lightened; outside the church, a temporary votive bridge is built on boats crossing the Grand Canal, connecting the areas of Santa Maria del Giglio (in the Saint Mark neighbourhood) with the Basilica and Punta della Dogana.
Connected to the isle of Pellestrina through the Murazzi artificial embankment, Ca’ Roman is the South end of Lido that divides the Venetian lagoon and the Adriatic Sea. The Oasis retains one of the best preserved dune environments throughout the northern Adriatic and can count on an extraordinary wealth of wildlife: from several species of birds (including the great crested grebe from North Europe, the cirl bunting and the sparrowhawk) to non- migratory species like the Mediterranean gull, the kingfisher and the Kentish plover. Ca’ Roman is appointed as Site of Community Importance (SCI) and Special Protection Area (SPA).
Sant’Erasmo violet artichoke belongs to the variety of Livorno violet. Historical resources testify to its plantations already in the XVI century, introduced by the Jewish Community, the only case in North- East Italy thanks to the lagoon mild weather and its clay, saline and well-drained terrain. As well as on the isle of the same name, called “l’orto di Venezia” (Venice market garden), Sant’Erasmo violet artichoke is cultivated on the nearby islands of Mazzorbo and Vignole and on some area of the lagoon such as Lio Piccolo. The harvest begins in April with the so called castraùre, the first tender buds, and ends in June with the latest production. The harvest is handmade, flower heads are deposited in cases and cut off leaving a stalk of 15 cm and 2-3 leaves.